Special Viral Pathogens Journal [SVPJ]

Abstract

Kasule A

Low immunization coverage and infant Viral/Bacterial disease prevention in Nyakivare and Rukinga Internally Displaced People (IDP) camp, Uganda

Kasule A

Department of Public Health, Kampala International University, Western Campus, Box 71, Ishaka-Bushenyi Uganda. Tel: 0701289575; khaaron2000@yahoo.com  

Special Viral Pathogens Journal (SVPJ) 2015; Vol 1, No 1: p 0001-0006, Copyright © Special Pathogens Research Network Limited, Uganda, All Rights Reserved

Backgroundd: Immunisable diseases continue to be highly prevalent and a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Sub Saharan Africa among children less than five years. The immunization coverage of Internally Displaced People camps in Uganda is low and factors associated with the low immunization coverage not clearly defined. Objective: To determine the influence of low immunization coverage on the upsurge of topical infections among internally displaced people camps in Uganda. Methods: The study design used was community based discriptive cross-sectional study using a structured questionnaire. Data was collected   among 210 mothers and care takers of children aged between12 months-23 months in resettlement area in 2 IDP camps in southern Uganda namely Nyakivare camp and Rukinga camps.   Data was statistically analyzed by SPSS software. The relationship between the independent factors and the immunization status is analyzed by using chi-square test. Results: Almost all of the respondents reported to have access to immunization services in their area and only spent less than 0.2 dollars for transport to reach the health facility. Hardly more than half of the study children had completed up to date immunization doses. There is statistically significant association between health education about immunization and immunization status of the child. Also, availability of health care workers was not significantly associated with immunization status. Immunization failure was due to lack of information and gender issue of having to seek permission from the husband before taking the child for immunization. Conclusion: Addition of Hepatitis vaccine was justified. Low immunization coverage impacted on disease outbreak in study area and factors for low immunization include fear of vaccine safety, complication and side effect. Recommendations: Interventions against gender imbalance to improve the attitude of the fathers about the immunization should focus on the fathers is recommended.

Corresponding author: Dr Aaron Kasule, Department of Public Health, Kampala International University, Western Campus, Box 71, Ishaka-Bushenyi Uganda. Tel: 0701289575; khaaron2000@yahoo.com  

How to cite this article:

Kasule A, Low immunization coverage and infant Viral/Bacterial disease prevention in Nyakivare and Rukinga Internally Displaced People (IDP) camp, Uganda Special Viral Pathogens Journal (SVPJ) 2015; Vol 1, No 1: p 0001-0006